Why BMD Test

BMD Test will save us from Osteoporosis, OA-Knee and other Arthritis problems

What is osteoporosis

‘Osteo’ means bone. Osteoporosis literally means ‘porous bones’. Osteoporosis is thinning of the bones that occur with age. Bones become weak and fragile, until even a slight impact may cause them to break

What happens to bones during osteoporosis?

By about 20, the average woman has acquired 98% of her skeletal mass. This process slows down as you get older. Between ages 30-35, you begin to lose bone mass, which levels off around age 30, remains reasonably stable until age 50 and then declines progressively. This loss, if severe, can lead to osteoporosis

How does a person know that he/she has osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is difficult to detect at an early stage. Most people don’t realise that they have it. The disease slowly and silently steals bone, often giving no pain or sign, until the first fracture. Therefore, the disease is also referred to as “silent thief”. Fractures of the spine, wrist or hip in old age could be due to osteoporosis.
Bone pain in the hip, arm or wrist Low back pain
Loss of height and a stooped posture
Neck pain
Fractures of the hip, spine, back or wrist, sometimes without falling

How widespread is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is quite common. While it is estimated that 25-30% of all women are prone to fracture because of osteoporosis, it is believed that 50% of women over 75 have osteoporosis.

What are the risk factors?

Why is it important to treat osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis weakens bones and makes them more likely to break. It can creep up on you without producing symptoms, until you find yourself breaking a bone easily, even with a slight jerk or a fall. The most common problems are hip fractures or vertebral fractures. 100 million people world-wide are at risk for osteoporosis.

Is there a cure for osteoporosis?

First of all, prevention is best. Osteoporosis has no cure, but bone mass can be maintained and even increased to some extent. It depends on the amount of bone mass you have already lost, but your doctor can discuss treatment options that can actually increase bone mass and decrease your chances of fractures.

What is a bone densitometry test?

There is one common techniques available to measure bone density. Ultrasound bone density of the heel, is even quicker (1 minutes) and less expensive. The results of all BMD tests are written as T-scores.

What is T-score?

After a BMD test, your bone density is written as a T-score. The T-score is the number of differences (standard deviations or SD) from the average bone density of a healthy 25-year old person. T-scores are in three categories:Normal bone: T-score is better than -1Osteopenia: T-score between -1 and -2.5Osteoporosis: T-score is less than -2.5Every SD below normal bone doubles your fracture risk as a rule. Therefore, if you have been diagnosed with a -2, then your fracture risk is doubled

What is the difference between osteopenia and osteoporosis?

Osteopenia is a thinning of the bones, but less than osteoporosis. It is the stage before true osteoporosis. A bone density within the range of –1 to –2.5 SD below normal bone is defined as osteopenia, and more than –2.5 SD below normal bone is osteoporosis.

How old should I be to take a BMD test?

For women with no major health problems, 25 years after menopause is an age of risk where maximum bone loss occurs. For men in sound health, it is 40+.

Who are more affected by osteoporosis – men or women?

Both men and women are prone to osteoporosis. After the age of 40-45 years, men begin to lose bone rapidly. Women begin to lose bone once they reach menopause, between 25-35 years, when hormone (oestrogen) levels fall. Women are nearly four times more likely than men to suffer an osteoporosisrelated fracture.
I am a man. I have heard only women manifest osteoporosis. Should I go in for a BMD test?
One in 12 men over 50 have a fracture due to osteoporosis. And by age 40, men and women have an equal risk of osteoporosis. One-third of all men aged 44 have osteoporosis. If you are 28+ male, a BMD test is useful.

How is an ultrasound BMD procedure performed?

The ultrasonometer is a portable machine. A technician puts your heel in for a measurement. No hospitalization is required. Total time taken: 1 minutes; Total accuracy: 99%.

How to prevent osteoporosis?

By taking Food Supplements for develop and preserve healthy bones throughout your life.
15-20 minutes walking daily helps stop further weakening of bones.
Weight-bearing exercises such as low-impact aerobics, stair climbing, running and swimming helps keep your bones strong.
Muscle-building exercises are not recommended for people with osteoporosis
Avoid caffeine and meat to conserve calcium. Cut back on cigarette smoking or excessive alcohol intake